TAI CHI CHUAN
Tai Chi Chuan is an ancient form of Self-defense based on the imitation of nature, and was devised as a means of correcting and maintaining the proper balance of the body and mind.
Yang (Yang Cheng Fu)
Wudang (Cheng Tin Hung)
Chen Wing Kwang and Qi Min-Xuan taught Cheng Tin Hung 1930-2005
FIVE TAI CHI CHUAN FAMILIES
There are five main Tai Chi Chuan Families in China:
CHEN: The first family created the original set which was used with sudden force.
YANG: A skilled Martial Artist of the Chen Family, Leung, modified the Style to make it softer, using less force. Yang Style uses large steps and circles
Yang Family Tai Chi Chuan evolved from the Chen Style, to become one of the most popular forms of exercises in all of history.
WU: Wu style was developed from Yang style and uses small circles.
MO and SUN where later created from Yang Style.
All the five different Families share the same Principles and Rules of Tai Chi Chuan.
ORIGIN OF TAI CHI CHUAN:
The Wang chronicles, which are considered Tai Chi Chuan Classics and kept by the Chen Family, prove that the earliest mention of Tai Chi Chuan is from the time of the Tang Dynasty (618 A.D. to 907 A.D.). It is said that soldiers practiced gentle martial arts to integrate into their fighting techniques. These gentler styles are based on the same Tai Chi theories and principles known today.
According to these ancient chronicles, at the end of the Sung Dynasty, a martial system that would later be called, “Tai Chi Chuan” (also called "Shi San Shi" or the thirteen postures), was developed in a Taoist Temple on top of one of the sacred mountains.
Cheung San Fung is widely credited as the founder of Tai Chi Chuan. He based his principles on the observation of nature: insects being stables in the wind, habits of animals that live long lives, such as turtles and cranes. The difference between Tai Chi and Tai Chi Chuan is that the latter is the name of the Martial Art system.
"The Chinese believe that, at the beginning of the Universe, there was only empty darkness. The Universe was begotten from this emptiness.", Commission of ancient Chinese.
According to Tai Chi Chuan theory derived from I-Ching, the Genesis of the universe is based on two forces: Yin and Yang. These forces act as opposites, but are actually complementary; together, they form a Unity.
"The Tai Chi Chuan encompasses this Yin/Yang duality through all of its movements: Opening and Closing of arms and legs; the Void and Substance of footsteps; the transfer of weight from one leg to the other. All of the movements are continuous and flowing like water running in a river. The
postures remain supple to avoid tension in the body and to allow energy to flow." (1)
These principles obey the definition of classic, traditional Tai Chi Chuan.
It may be said that Tai Chi Chuan is one of the best means of preventing disease, improving health, and relaxing both body and mind.
1. Cheng, Tin Hung. Tai Chi Transcendent Art, The Hong Kong Tai Chi Association Press Hong Kong, 1976. (only available in Chinese)
2 . China Continue Education United Institute Beijing Herbal Medicine Acupuncture
Institute Training Center of National Administration of Medicine
3 . Kuo Lien-Ying. The T’ai Chi Boxing Chronicles. Ref. Wang chronicles, Chant of Tai Chi. (North Atlantic Books, 1994.
4. The I Ching or Book of Changes, Richard Wilhelm
5. The Yellow Emperor's Classic of Medicine: A New Translation of the Neijing Suwen with Commentary, Maoshing Ni
6 . The Eight Extraordinary Qi Vessels. Yang, Jwing-Ming. (Freedom Quest Inc. 1998)
7 . The Twelve Prinary Qi Channels. Yang, Jwing-Ming. (Freedom Quest Inc. 1998)
8 . Wand Peisheng & Zeng Weqi. Taijiquan. (Morning Glory Publishers, Beijong 1983)
9 . Yang Chen Fu
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